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What Is Stainless Steel?

Stainless steel is stainless steel with stainless steel and corrosion resistance as the main characteristics, and the chromium content is at least 10.5%, and the carbon content is not more than 1.2%.

Stainless steel is the abbreviation of stainless acid-resistant steel, resistant to air, steam, water, and other weak corrosive media or stainless steel; The steel that is resistant to chemical corrosive media is called acid-resistant steel. Due to the difference in the chemical composition of the two, their corrosion resistance is different, ordinary stainless steel is generally not resistant to chemical medium corrosion, and acid-resistant steel is generally stainless.

Stainless Steel Coil

Stainless Steel Coil

Stainless Steel Strip

Stainless Steel Strip

Stainless Steel Sheet

Stainless Steel Sheet

Features

1. Beautiful surface and diverse use possibilities

2. Good corrosion resistance, more durable than ordinary steel

3. Good corrosion resistance

4. High strength, so the possibility of using a thin plate is large

5. High-temperature oxidation resistance and high strength, so it can resist fire

6. Normal temperature processing, that is, easy plastic processing

7. Because it does not need surface treatment, it is simple and easy to maintain

8. Clean, high finish

9. Good welding performance

Stainless Steel Applications

Stainless Steel Usage

Stainless Steel Usage

Classify

1. According to the structure of the steel classification, such as martensitic stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, austenitic stainless steel, and duplex stainless steel.

2. According to the main chemical composition of steel or some characteristic elements in steel to classify, such as chromium stainless steel, chromium-nickel stainless steel, chromium-nickel molybdenum stainless steel, and ultra-low carbon stainless steel, high molybdenum stainless steel, high purity stainless steel.

3. According to the performance characteristics and uses of steel to classify, such as nitric acid (nitric acid grade) stainless steel, sulfuric acid resistant stainless steel, pitting stainless steel, stress corrosion resistant stainless steel, high strength stainless steel, etc.

4. Classified according to the functional characteristics of steel, such as low-temperature stainless steel, non-magnetic stainless steel, free-cutting stainless steel, superplastic stainless steel, and so on.

Common Grades Of Stainless Steel

Chinese Standard Japanese Standard American Standard British Standard German Standard French Standard
GB1220-92GB3280-92 JIS AISIUNS BS970BS1449 DIN17440 DIN17224 NFA35-575NFA35-576
1Cr13 SUS410 410 410S21 X7Cr13 Z6C13
2Cr13 SUS420J1 420J1 420S29 X20Cr13 Z20C13
0Cr18Ni9 SUS304 304 304S15 X5CrNi189 Z6CN18.09
00Cr19Ni10 SUS304L 304L 304S12 X2CrNi189 Z2CN18.09
0Cr17Ni12Mo2 SUS316 316 316S16 X5CrNiMo1812 Z6CND17.12
00Cr17Ni14Mo2 SUS316L 316L 316S12 X2CrNiMo1812 Z2CND17.12
0Cr18Ni11Ti SUS321 321 X10CrNiTi189 Z6CNT18.10
0Cr18Ni11Nb SUS347 347 347S17 X10CrNiNb189 Z6CNNb18.10

What Makes Stainless Steel Stainless?

Stainless steel is added to the chromium element to make stainless steel does not rust, in fact, stainless steel is on the basis of carbon steel added a certain amount of chromium element smelting made. Due to the influence of chromium, under the action of corrosive media, a strong and dense oxide film is generated on the surface of the steel to protect it from rust.

In order to make stainless steel have good corrosion resistance, but also have good mechanical and physical and other properties, according to different requirements, in addition to adding a higher content of alloying element chromium in steel, but also matches to add nickel, molybdenum, manganese, nitrogen, and other alloying elements. In this way, it can not only change the chemical composition of the passivation film, and strengthen its corrosion resistance in harsh media, but also make the steel can obtain enough strength, plasticity, and toughness, as well as good process performance.

How To Protect Stainless Steel From Rust?

Although stainless steel has good corrosion resistance, it is still possible to rust and corrosion if you do not pay attention. The following are several ways to avoid stainless steel rust and corrosion:

1. Keep the surface clean: The surface of stainless steel is easily affected by dust, grease, moisture, and chemicals in the air, so it should be cleaned regularly, especially in humid, high-temperature, and corrosive gas environments.

2. Avoid mechanical wear: Scratches and wear on the surface of stainless steel may cause the iron in the steel to be exposed, which in turn causes rust and corrosion. Therefore, in the process of use, try to avoid mechanical wear, such as not wiping the stainless steel surface with hard materials.

3. Choose the right environment: Although stainless steel has good corrosion resistance, rust, and corrosion may still occur in some special environments, such as strong acids, strong alkalis, high chloride ions, and other environments. So choose the right environment to use stainless steel materials.

4. Prevent electrochemical corrosion: The electrochemical corrosion of stainless steel is caused by different chemicals and potentials on the surface of the material. To prevent this corrosion, stainless steel with a small potential difference can be used or cathodic protection can be added.

5. Choose the right stainless steel material: Different types of stainless steel have different corrosion resistance, so choose the right stainless steel material according to the specific use environment to ensure that it has good corrosion resistance and service life.

Rust

Rust

Finally Words

Stainless steel with its good corrosion resistance, heat resistance, low-temperature resistance, and other properties is widely used in tableware, household appliances, machinery manufacturing, building decoration, coal, petrochemical, and other fields. Regarding stainless steel products, we mainly produce and sell stainless steel rolls, stainless steel plates, and stainless steel belts. Wanzhi Steel provides customers with a full range of pre-sales and after-sales services, if you have any questions about stainless steel, please feel free to contact us.

Stainless Steel Coils Production Line

Stainless Steel Coils Production Line

Stainless Stel Coil Inventory

Stainless Stel Coil Inventory

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